Rug Construction - Whats the difference?

Rug Construction - Whats the difference?

The way in which your rug is made makes all the difference. You’ll see that our rug descriptions at miarlo refer to the rug construction whether its flat weave, hand-knotted or machine made. The construction will determine the overall look, texture and quality of your rug. The following are the most common rug constructions here at miarlo;


Hand tufting is quick, easy, and creates a beautiful, low-cost rug. Yarn shoots through a design that’s punched out on a canvas backing. A latex coating is glued to that backing to hold the fibers together. Those yarn fibers get trimmed down for an even pile, giving a hand-tufted rug its soft, smooth surface.

The speedy process makes the rug fibers more likely to pull free, so vacuum gently without a beater bar. The rug’s latex may begin to peel apart over time, but you can combat any extra shedding by vacuuming weekly.

To minimize shedding, slide a rug pad beneath your hand-tufted rug to give it some grip. The stability will help the weave to hold its own in a high-traffic area, like a living room. The comfy-cozy texture of a hand-tufted rug also makes the perfect landing pad in a bedroom. 

Faye Rug Pebblefaye rug pebblefaye rug pebble

Pictured - Faye Rug | Pebble


Hooking is similar to tufting, but the yarn loops stay intact. Loops of yarn are pulled through the rug’s backing material using a machine or a hand-held hooking needle. Instead of being sheared like tufted rugs, the loops are left alone, creating a knobby embroidered look.This gives it less of a woolly density compared to tufted or knotted rugs, so use it in a more low profile area.


Flat-weaves do not have a pile, because they are woven on a loom. Flat weave rugs are made by hand or machine by weaving vertical yarns (warps) through the horizontal yarns (wefts). Because they are not woven onto a backing, the rugs are reversibleso you can flip the rug when it starts to show signs of wear.

Flatweaves are the ideal rug construction for the busy family. Even in spill-prone, high-traffic homes, a flatweave’s short strands are quick to clean. Sturdy enough for your kitchen or playroom, and flat enough for an office or entryway, these rugs really can go anywhere.

Flat weave

Dehli Rug PinkDehli Rug Pink

Pictured - Dehli Rug | Pink 


The cost of a hand-knotted rug reflects the meticulous level of craftsmanship put into it. Hand knotting is the most labour intensive rug construction technique. Crafted by artisans, each knot is painstakingly knotted by hand. The weavers tie individual knots to the warp yarns that make up the length of the rug.  This process takes a great deal of skill and many months of labour to finish a single rug, the end result is a truly individual and luxurious rug, no two hand-knotted rugs are exactly alike.

 hand knotted rug

Hamilton GreyHamilton Green

Pictured: Melbourne Rug | Grey, Hamilton Rug | Green, Hamilton Rug | Grey


Machine made rug construction involves a power loom, which takes fibres such as nylon, polypropylene and polyester and uses heat to press them around a rug backing.

Machine-spun rugs are close to perfection — perfectly even piles, with patterns and fringe all symmetrically aligned. The machine-woven process is rougher on the rug, so these fibers can have a shorter lifespan.

Atlas Rug WhiteAtlas Pink Cross

Pictured: Atlas Rug | White, Atlas Rug | Pink Diamonds

Choosing the right rug from the get go will save you time and money in the long run. Material, construction method and design all matter and it pays to get it right. We are available by live chat to answer any questions you may have when choosing your rug.

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